Best Choices for Enhancing Groundnut Productivity in Nigeria

Vabi, M B and Mohammed, S G and Echekwu, C A and Mukhtar, A A and Ahmed, B and Ajeigbe, H A and Eche, C O (2019) Best Choices for Enhancing Groundnut Productivity in Nigeria. Technical Report. ICRISAT.

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Research Program : West & Central Africa

Additional Information

The authors of Best Choices for Enhancing Groundnut Production in Nigeria appreciate the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) for providing funds used in the implementation of two projects in Nigeria namely Increasing Groundnut Productivity o f Small-scale Farmers in Ghana, Mali and Nigeria and Tropical Legumes (PhaseIII). The authors also recognize contributions from Dr. Babu Motagi, one time ICRISAT Groundnut Breeder based in Nigeria, Mr. Bala Lawal, Mr. Kunihya Ayuba, Engineer Adinoyi Aliyu and Mr. Hassan-Inuwa Abubakar, of ICRISAT Nigeria. Dr. Hippolyte Affognon, former Project Coordinator of the Groundnut Upscaling Project based in Bamako (Mali) played a major role while still in command. The continuous support of Project Desk Officers and selected Extension Agents of the ADPs of Kano, Kebbi, Katsina, Jigawa and Sokoto States was exceptional throughout project implementation. Between the 2015 and 2018 cropping seasons, the authors worked closely with several farmers and farmer groups to demonstrate the performance of improved versus most popular local groundnut varieties and different options for managing aflatoxin contamination. Private seed companies, farmer groups and the National Agricultural Seeds Council (NASC) were actively engaged in building capacities for producing, distributing and marketing of quality groundnut seeds. These provided real opportunities for mutual sharing, learning and development of the best practices included in this document.


Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea), also known as Peanut, is an annual crop commonly grown by smallholder fanners. The name Groundnut can be confusing as the plant is not typically a nut. The plant itself grows above the ground while the nuts (pods) develop and mature underground. It originated from Central America, and its cultivation spread to the rest of the world as an oil-seed crop. In Nigeria, pyramid-like structures made of groundnut sacks were common features in several locations up to the 1970s. These locations included Kofar, Mazugal, Brigade, Bebeji, Malam Madori and Dawakin Kudu. The pyramid structures constituted tourist attractions in Northern Nigeria and symbol of the wealth of the country. These structures gradually disappeared when attention was shifted away from agriculture to crude oil after the 1970s. Recurrent rosette virus outbreaks of 1975,1983,1985 and 1988 also discouraged farmers from groundnut production...

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Groundnut Productivity, Nigeria, Ghana
Subjects: Others > Ghana
Others > Smallholder Farmers
Others > Nigeria
Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Africa
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2019 08:57
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 09:13
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