Origin of early maturing pigeonpea germplasm and its impact on adaptation and cropping systems

Saxena, K B and Choudhary, A K and Srivastava, R K and Bohra, A and Saxena, R K and Varshney, R K (2019) Origin of early maturing pigeonpea germplasm and its impact on adaptation and cropping systems. Plant Breeding (TSI), 138 (3). pp. 243-251. ISSN 0179-9541

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Pigeonpea breeding activities started about a century ago and for decades only late maturing cultivars dominated the global cultivation. Historically, no early maturing cultivar was available for a very long time and breeding of such varieties started in the third quarter of 20th century but at a low key. From these efforts, some pigeonpea varieties maturing in 90–150 days were bred. Information gathered from various sources revealed that the first few early maturing genotypes originated through spontaneous mutations in the late maturing field‐grown landraces. In other cases, transgressive segregation and induced mutations also produced early maturing varieties. At present, the high yielding early maturing cultivars are contributing significantly towards widening the adaption barriers and in the diversification of some age‐old cropping systems. In this paper, the authors, besides discussing the importance of early maturing cultivars in present agricultural systems, also summarize information related to the origin of primary sources of earliness.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pigeonpea, flowering time, Cajanus cajan, early maturity, mutation, transgressive segregation, germplasm, pigeonpea cultivars, breeding
Subjects: Others > Crop Improvement
Others > Plant Breeding
Others > Cropping and Farming Systems
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Others > Legume Crops
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2019 10:22
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2019 10:22
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/11131
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12696
Acknowledgement: The authors are thankful to the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India; United States Agency for International Development (USAID); Department of Biotechnology, Government of India; Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Karnataka and ICRISAT for funding various projects related to pigeonpea. This work has been undertaken as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC). ICRISAT is a member of CGIAR Consortium.
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