An “Axiom Cajanus SNP Array” based high density genetic map and QTL mapping for high-selfing flower and seed quality traits in pigeonpea

Yadav, P and Saxena, K B and Hingane, A J and Sameer Kumar, C V and Kandalkar, V S and Varshney, R K and Saxena, R K (2019) An “Axiom Cajanus SNP Array” based high density genetic map and QTL mapping for high-selfing flower and seed quality traits in pigeonpea. BMC Genomics (TSI), 20 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1471-2164

[img] PDF (It is an Open Access article) - Published Version
Download (1MB)


Background Pigeonpea has considerable extent of insect-aided natural out-crossing that impedes genetic purity of seeds. Pre-anthesis cleistogamy in pigeonpea promotes self-pollination which helps in maintaining genetic purity. The cleistogamous flowers are linked with shriveled seeds, an undesirable trait from variety adoption point of view, and breeding using genomics tools can help in overcoming this constraint. Therefore, in order to identify genomic regions governing these target traits, one recombinant inbred line (RIL) population was developed using contrasting parents (ICPL 99010 and ICP 5529) for flower shape and shriveled seeds. The RILs were phenotyped for two years and genotyped using the Axiom Cajanus SNP Array. Results Out of the 56,512 unique sequence variations on the array, the mapping population showed 8634 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) segregating across the genome. These data facilitated generation of a high density genetic map covering 6818 SNPs in 974 cM with an average inter-marker distance of 0.1 cM, which is the lowest amongst all pigeonpea genetic maps reported. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis using this genetic map and phenotyping data identified 5 QTLs associated with cleistogamous flower, 3 QTLs for shriveled seed and 1 QTL for seed size. The phenotypic variance explained by these QTLs ranged from 9.1 to 50.6%. A consistent QTL “qCl3.2” was identified for cleistogamous flower on CcLG03 covering a span of 42 kb in the pigeonpea genome. Epistatic QTLs were also identified for cleistogamous flower and shriveled seed traits. Conclusion Identified QTLs and genomic interactions for cleistogamous flower, shriveled seed and seed size will help in incorporating the required floral architecture in pigeonpea varieties/lines. Besides, it will also be useful in understanding the molecular mechanisms, and map-based gene cloning for the target traits.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Research Program : Genetic Gains
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cleistogamous flower, Selfing, Mapping, Shriveled seed, Axiom Cajanus SNP Array, QTLs, Pigeonpea genome, Pigeonpea, Genomics, Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis, genetic map
Subjects: Others > Crop Improvement
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Legume Crops
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2019 04:19
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2019 04:19
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: Acknowledgements: This work has been undertaken as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC). ICRISAT is a member of CGIAR Consortium. Authors would also like to thank Mr. Suryanarayana, Mr. Sudhakar and Mr. Johiruddin for the technical help. Further sincere thanks to Dr. Lekha Pazhamala for useful discussions. Funding: Authors are thankful to the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India; United States Agency for International Development (USAID); Department of Biotechnology, Government of India; Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Karnataka and CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC) for funding.
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item