Field screening finger millet germplasm for drought tolerance

Ojulong, H F and Sheunda, P and Mgonja, F and Kibuka, J and Otwani, D and Manyasa, E O (2017) Field screening finger millet germplasm for drought tolerance. In: InterDrought-V, February 21-25, 2017, Hyderabad, India.

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Drought stress is the most important abiotic constraint limiting finger millet production. Limited research on tolerance to drought in finger millet has been done in Africa. As a result, the only varieties adapted to high-rainfall regions have been developed and promoted. Twenty-four potential drought-tolerant varieties selected from regional trials, and a short-duration commercial check (U15), were screened for drought in three locations in Kenya (KALRO-Kiboko, KALRO-Kampiya Mawe (KYM)) and Tanzania (DRD-Miwaleni). Genotype was significant for all the traits, location for all except yield, and GxL interaction for all except plant height. Sixteen of the varieties outperformed the commercial check (1.10 tha-1), with the best yielders being IE2187 (2.02 tha-1), IEFV0009 (1.50 tha-1), IE501 (1.1.48tha-1), IE593 (1.45 tha-1) and IE2030 (1.43 tha-1). All varieties except one had shorter DAP than the commercial variety. GGE biplot for yield showed Kiboko and Miwaleni locations to be effective in discriminating genotypes. Genotypes IE501, IE593, were specifically adapted to the Kiboko environment while IE546, KNE 741 and IE5791 were more adapted to the Miwaleni environment. Genotypes IE3104, IE5736, IE5733, IE6475 and IEFV0009 were stable across locations. Principal component analysis revealed the first four PC accounted for 85.72% of the variation with plant height, agronomic score, biomass, number of lodged plants, and number of productive tillers contributing the most. Five of the varieties -- IE2187, IEFV0009, IE501, IE593 and IE2030 -- have been advanced to PVS in Kenya and Tanzania, while KNE 741 is at NPT in Kenya.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Research Program : East & Southern Africa
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drought stress, finger millet, germplasm, drought tolerance
Subjects: Others > Abiotic Stress
Others > Crop Improvement
Mandate crops > Millets > Finger Millet
Others > Germplasm
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2018 09:52
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2018 10:26
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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