A multi-dimensional approach from seed-to-seed to understand and improve heat stress tolerance in rice

Mangrauthia, S K and Vishnu Prasanth, V and Sailaja, B and Sarla, N and Voleti, S R and Subrahmanyam, D and Babu, V R (2017) A multi-dimensional approach from seed-to-seed to understand and improve heat stress tolerance in rice. In: InterDrought-V, February 21-25, 2017, Hyderabad, India.

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In changing climatic conditions, stress caused by high temperature poses a serious threat to rice cultivation. Physiological, biochemical, and molecular analysis of rice cultivars revealed that Nagina22 (N22) shows lesser reduction in chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate, spikelet fertility and grain yield, but increased membrane thermal stability, antioxidant enzymes activity and transpiration rate (E) at high temperature. DREB, RAB, LEA, and genes associated with hormones signalling were induced during germination, while OsFd (an iron sulphur cluster binding protein) and CWIP (cell wall integrity protein) emerged as high priority candidate genes in seedling and reproductive stages. Their function is being analysed by transgene expression and CRISPR/Cas genome editing approaches. Field screening in polyhouse, late sowing and temperature gradient chamber for 20 morpho-physiological traits indicated the importance of both yield and spikelet fertility, and photosynthesis traits. N22 showed the least Heat Susceptibility Index (HSI) for yield/plant, spikelet fertility, flag leaf SPAD and stomatal conductance, while Vandana showed the highest HSI for spikelet fertility and flag leaf temperature. QTLs for HSI of spikelet fertility were identified on chromosome 1 and HSI of yield per plant on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 and 8; and PV of 6% to 57% using 174 F2-3 Vandana x N22 mapping population. Simultaneously, RNAseq was performed to identify the genome wide miRNAs and transcriptome of N22 and Vandana from shoot and root after short and long duration of heat stress treatments; and recovery phase for an eQTL-guided function-related co-expression analysis to identify the putative regulators and gene regulatory networks.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heat stress, tolerance, rice
Subjects: Others > Abiotic Stress
Others > Crop Improvement
Others > Rice
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2018 08:32
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2018 08:32
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10724
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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