Markets, institutions and policies: A perspective on the adoption of agricultural innovations

Orr, A (2018) Markets, institutions and policies: A perspective on the adoption of agricultural innovations. Outlook on Agriculture (TSI). pp. 1-6. ISSN 0030-7270

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Successful adoption of agricultural innovations depends not just on the right technology but also on markets, institutions, and policies. We illustrate this argument with four case studies of agricultural innovations in the semi-arid tropics, two with high and two with low adoption. We show that the success of both hybrid pearl millet in India and dual-purpose cowpea in Nigeria depended on identifying market demand correctly and on innovative institutions to overcome constraints in the production and delivery of improved seed. Conversely, the low adoption of improved varieties of pigeon pea in Malawi and conservation agriculture in Zimbabwe reflect uncertain market conditions, misunderstood demand and the lack of sustainable institutions for input delivery. The results highlight how variations in the enabling conditions may influence the fate of agricultural innovations.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : East & Southern Africa
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adoption, innovations, markets, institutions, policies, agricultural innovations, hybrid pearl millet, India, cowpea, Nigeria
Subjects: Others > Innovation
Mandate crops > Millets > Pearl Millet
Others > Nigeria
Others > Smallholder Agriculture
Others > Agricultural Marketing
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > African Agriculture
Others > Indian Agriculture
Others > India
Others > Agricultural Economics
Others > Zimbabwe
Others > Malawi
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 23 May 2018 04:54
Last Modified: 23 May 2018 04:54
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: Acknowledgements: The author is grateful to colleagues Kai Mausch, Arega Alene, Henry Ojulong, NKVR Ganga Rao, Eva Weltzien, D Kumaracharyulu and Alphonse Singbo for providing information and references. Funding: The author disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The author is grateful to ICRISAT for funding the research for this article.
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