Requirement of Whole-Genome Sequencing and Background History of the National and International Genome Initiatives

Thudi, M and Varshney, R K (2017) Requirement of Whole-Genome Sequencing and Background History of the National and International Genome Initiatives. In: The Chickpea Genome. Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG) . Springer, pp. 107-115. ISBN 978-3-319-66115-5

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Chickpea is the second most important grain legume for food and nutritional security in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. The genome sequence provides the basis for a wide range of studies, from the important goal of accelerated breeding to identifying the molecular basis of key agronomic traits, in addition to understanding the basic legume biology. The discussions during 5th International Conference on Legume Genetics and Genomics, held during July 8–10, 2010 in Asilomar, USA, provided the platform for the genesis of International Chickpea Genome Sequencing Consortium (ICGSC, and as result of global research partnership co-led by ICRISAT, UC-Davis, and BGI-Shenzhen, involving 49 scientists from 23 organizations in 10 countries the draft genome of kabuli genotype CDC Frontier was published. On the other hand, the Next Generation Challenge Programme on Chickpea Genomics (NGCPCG) initiative unraveled the genome sequence of desi genotype ICC 4958. This chapter summarizes the background history of two independent efforts to generate draft genome sequence of kabuli and desi chickpea genomes. In addition, the chapter also highlights key developments of application of genome sequence for crop improvement.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
Series Name: Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genome sequencing, National and International Genome Initiatives, Chickpea, Legume genetics and genomics, draft genome sequence, kabuli, desi, chickpea genomes, genome sequence, crop improvement
Subjects: Others > Crop Improvement
Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2018 08:29
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2018 08:29
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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