Genotype, environment and their interaction influence seed quality traits in chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.)

Wang, R and Gangola, M P and Jaiswal, S and Gaur, P M and Baga, M and Chibbar, R N (2017) Genotype, environment and their interaction influence seed quality traits in chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 63. pp. 21-27. ISSN 08891575

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To study the variation in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed composition important traits (seed weight, total starch, amylose and crude protein) were analyzed in 237 chickpea genotypes (180 desi, 49 kabuli and 8 pea shaped) grown in replicated trials over three consecutive years in field (2011 and 2013) and greenhouse (2012). Analysis of variance showed a significant effect of genotype, environment and their interaction on these traits. Kabuli type chickpea genotypes showed higher one thousand seed weight (105–472 g), total starch (34.1–63.2%) and crude protein (15.7–28.0%) concentrations; however, amylose concentration (27.1–41.6% of total starch) was higher in desi chickpea genotypes. Correlation analysis exhibited a significant negative association of seed weight to amylose and crude protein; whereas positive association to total starch. Amylose showed a significant negative correlation to starch but positive correlation to crude protein. A significant negative correlation was also found between starch and crude protein. Chickpea genotypes showed high broad sense heritability (H2) for seed weight (0.70); while low to moderate H2 for total starch (0.12–0.51), crude protein (0.15–0.37) and amylose (0.10–0.14). Chickpea genotypes with high crude protein and amylose can be utilized in breeding programs to enhance chickpea seed quality to meet the diverse consumer requirements for improved diet and health benefits.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amylose, Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L., Genotype by environment interaction (G×E), Protein, Seed composition, Seed quality, Starch, Chickpea genotypes, Seed quality, Diet and health benefits, Kabuli chickpea, Desi chickpea
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Food and Nutrition
Others > Legume Crops
Others > Seed Systems
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 06:05
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2017 06:06
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: This work was financially supported by Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), Canada Research Chairs Program, and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Internationalization program. The core research grant of International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT, Patancheru, India) is acknowledged to provide seeds of chickpea germplasms used in the study.
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