Diversifying Food Systems in the Pursuit of Sustainable Food Production and Healthy Diets

Dwivedi, S L and Lammerts van Bueren, E T and Ceccarelli, S and Grando, S and Upadhyaya, H D and Ortiz, R (2017) Diversifying Food Systems in the Pursuit of Sustainable Food Production and Healthy Diets. Trends in Plant Science, 22 (10). pp. 842-856. ISSN 13601385

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Increasing demand for nutritious, safe, and healthy food because of a growing population, and the pledge to maintain biodiversity and other resources, pose a major challenge to agriculture that is already threatened by a changing climate. Diverse and healthy diets, largely based on plant-derived food, may reduce diet-related illnesses. Investments in plant sciences will be necessary to design diverse cropping systems balancing productivity, sustainability, and nutritional quality. Cultivar diversity and nutritional quality are crucial. We call for better cooperation between food and medical scientists, food sector industries, breeders, and farmers to develop diversified and nutritious cultivars that reduce soil degradation and dependence on external inputs, such as fertilizers and pesticides, and to increase adaptation to climate change and resistance to emerging pests.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food Security, Seed Biology, Human Health, Nutrient Density of Foods, Nutritional Diversity, Cropping Systems, Plant Breeding, Genomics, Food and Nutrition, Plants, Sustainable Food System, Healthy Diets, Resource use-efficient crops, Agro-ecosystems, Biodiversity, Carbon footprints, Dietary diversity, Evolutionary/participatory plant breeding, Diet × gene interaction
Subjects: Others > Food Production
Others > Plant Breeding
Others > Food and Nutrition
Others > Food Security
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 08:40
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2017 06:37
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10106
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2017.06.011
Acknowledgement: S.L.D. is grateful to Ramesh Kotnana of the Knowledge Sharing and Innovation Program of ICRISAT for arranging reprints on relevant subjects as a valuable resource for shaping this Feature article, and to S. Rohini for her contribution while preparing the manuscript. We are grateful to the three anonymous reviewers for making useful suggestions on improving the manuscript. R.O. acknowledges funding during the writing of this manuscript from PlantePigment and Annato – projects led by Chr. Hansen A/S with grants from the Green Development and Demonstration Program (GUDP, Denmark) and Innovationsfonden (Denmark), respectively, and a project (Utveckling av ett Molekylärt Förädlingsprogram för Durum-Vete i Senegal: Kapacitetsuppbyggnad för att möta den Globala Uppvärmningen) funded by Vetenskapsrådet (VR, Sweden) Development Research.
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