Legume genomics: A perspective

Thudi, M and Saxena, R K and Pandey, M K and Varshney, R K (2017) Legume genomics: A perspective. In: Insights on Global Challenges and Opportunities for the Century Ahead. BS Publications, Hyderabad, pp. 321-326. ISBN 978‐93‐5230‐186‐7

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Legumes such as chickpea, pigeonpea and groundnut are among the most important crops grown in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. India is the major grower as well as consumer of all these legume crops. In fact, India is also the biggest importer of chickpea and pigeonpea. The productivity of these three legumes has been stagnant and unacceptably low for decades as they are grown in marginal environments. Cereals have been the major beneficiary of utilizing genomics approaches in breeding and the above mentioned legumes have started to catch up very recently with cereals and other crops in terms of genomic interventions in their breeding. For instance, last ten years have witnessed significant progress in the area of development and deployment of genomic tools in crop improvement programs. Better genotypes with enhanced levels of resistance to biotic and abiotic stress as well as higher yields have been designed and developed in all three legume crops. Advances in sequencing and phenotyping technologies are expected to see the optimization and deployment of some modern genomics-assisted breeding approaches such as genomic selection, early generation screening, genome editing etc.We believe that by integrating genomics in breeding, better seeds can be developed and those seeds coupled with appropriate agronomy and management practices can provide better produce in the farmer’s fields.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Legumes, Genomics, Breeding, Genetics
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Legume Crops
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 05 May 2017 04:10
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2017 05:58
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/9984
Acknowledgement: Authors are thankful to colleagues and collaborators at ICRISAT and partner institutes for contributing research mentioned in the article. Thanks are also due to several funding agencies including Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Biotechnology Industry Partnership Programme (BIPP), Australia-India Strategic Research Fund (AISRF), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and Ministry of Science & Technology and Department of Biotechnology (DBT) of Government of India for funding research mentioned in the article. The work reported in this article was undertaken as a part of the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes. ICRISAT is a member of the CGIAR.
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