Adaptation Processes in Agriculture and Food Security: Insights from Evaluating Behavioral Changes in West Africa

Somda, J and Zougmore, R B and Sawadogo, I and Bationo, B A and Buah, S and Abasse, T (2017) Adaptation Processes in Agriculture and Food Security: Insights from Evaluating Behavioral Changes in West Africa. In: Evaluating Climate Change Action for Sustainable Development. Springer International Publishing, pp. 255-269. ISBN 978-3-319-43702-6

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This chapter focuses on the evaluation of adaptive capacities of community-level human systems related to agriculture and food security. It highlights findings regarding approaches and domains to monitor and evaluate behavioral changes from CGIAR’s research program on climate change, agriculture and food security (CCAFS). This program, implemented in five West African countries, is intended to enhance adaptive capacities in agriculture management of natural resources and food systems. In support of participatory action research on climate-smart agriculture, a monitoring and evaluation plan was designed with the participation of all stakeholders to track changes in behavior of the participating community members. Individuals’ and groups’ stories of changes were collected using most significant change tools. The collected stories of changes were substantiated through field visits and triangulation techniques. Frequencies of the occurrence of characteristics of behavioral changes in the stories were estimated. The results show that smallholder farmers in the intervention areas adopted various characteristics of behavior change grouped into five domains: knowledge, practices, access to assets, partnership and organization. These characteristics can help efforts to construct quantitative indicators of climate change adaptation at local level. Further, the results suggest that application of behavioral change theories can facilitate the development of climate change adaptation indicators that are complementary to indicators of development outcomes. We conclude that collecting stories on behavioral changes can contribute to biophysical adaptation monitoring and evaluation.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Behavioral changes, Climate change, Monitoring, Evaluation, CCAFS, CGIAR, West Africa, Agriculture and food security
Subjects: Others > Agriculture
Others > Climate Change
Others > Food Security
Others > African Agriculture
Others > West Africa
Others > Niger
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2017 10:30
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2017 10:37
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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