Safe and sustainable management of legume pests and diseases in Thailand and Vietnam: a situational analysis

Schreinemachers, P and Srinivasan, R and Wu, M-H and Bhattarai, M and Patricio, R and Yule, S and Quang, V H and Huy Hop, B T (2014) Safe and sustainable management of legume pests and diseases in Thailand and Vietnam: a situational analysis. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 34 (2). pp. 88-97. ISSN 1742-7584

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Vegetable legumes are important crops in tropical agriculture, but they are susceptible to a substantial number of arthropod pests and diseases. Using farm-level survey data for 240 farm households growing yard-long bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis) in Thailand and Vietnam, this study shows that the farmers' main problem is the legume pod borer (Maruca vitrata). Farmers rely exclusively on the use of synthetic pesticides to manage this pest, and no other control methods are generally applied. Small cultivated areas for growing yard-long bean (particularly in Vietnam), a high level of satisfaction with the use of pesticides and a lack of market demand for pesticide-free produce are formidable challenges to the introduction of integrated pest management (IPM). It is important to ensure that IPM methods, if adopted, do not reduce profits and that farmers are allowed to experiment with these methods while raising awareness in the general population about the risk resulting from pesticide exposure.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
Series Name: CQU Progress Report No 17/A/91
Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture; Maruca vitrata ; IPM; pesticide misuse; crop protection policy
Subjects: Others > Entomology
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2014 05:15
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2014 06:13
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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