A Micro-Level Analysis of Vulnerability to Climate Change by Smallholder Farmers in Semi-Arid Areas of Zimbabwe

Mutsvangwa-Sammie, E P and Mazvimavi, K and Murendo, C and Kundhlande, G (2013) A Micro-Level Analysis of Vulnerability to Climate Change by Smallholder Farmers in Semi-Arid Areas of Zimbabwe. In: Invited paper presented at the 4th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists, 22-25 September 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia.

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Using household survey data from a random sample of 180 households in Gweru and Lupane district, we found the distribution of vulnerability among households was skewed with mean 0.76. On average 89% of the households had a probability of more than 0.5 making them vulnerable to food insecurity and 11% were not vulnerable to food insecurity. The gender of household head, farming experience, household income, and livestock ownership had strong influence on household cereal production and hence their vulnerability to climate changes. In addition, social networks and use of hired labour positively influences crop productivity. Overally, development policies that increase household income, boost livestock ownership and enhance social capital improve crop production, which is critical to boost household adaptive capacity to climate change. There is need to link climate change policies to broader rural development policies especially in developing nations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change, household, vulnerability
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Climate Change
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2013 06:28
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 10:10
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/7253
Acknowledgement: The financial support for this research by the International Development Research Centre is gratefully acknowledged. We thank the research assistants of International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics for collection data and the smallholder farmers for their cooperation.
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