Training Manual on Value Chain Analysis of Dryland Agricultural Commodities (Prepared under the HOPE project)

Reddy, A A (2013) Training Manual on Value Chain Analysis of Dryland Agricultural Commodities (Prepared under the HOPE project). Documentation. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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The training manual is targeted at all stakeholders who are involved in alleviation of poverty among smallholder farmers in the semi-arid tropics who cultivate their lands under marginal environments. It provides the key concepts to understand the changing dynamics of value chains and case studies in the fast changing market scenario. The consumption pattern of most of the urban consumers is changing towards high-value commodities, ready-to-cook products; they can afford to buy value-added products even though at higher prices. However, the majority of the rural population is still price conscious; they prefer to buy un-processed grains at the cheapest price. Hence, value chain analysis should also look into cost cutting innovations along the value chain to benefit price conscious poor consumers besides focusing on value added products. Under the changing utilization patterns, there is a growing demand for feed and fodder as the demand for livestock products is increasing. Additionally, the non-traditional sources of demand such as brewery, starch and bio-fuel industry are other growth sectors that need to be met by innovative arrangements like bulk marketing of grain. For this training material, the concepts of value chains have been taken freely from various published sources with due acknowledgment. We have also included value chain case studies of sorghum, pearl millet, cotton and jatropha, which are major dryland crops, to give further insights to the readers. The training material also includes the recent concept ‘Producer companies’ evolved in India, to provide recent developments in innovative institutions. We are thankful to Praduman Kumar for allowing us to reproduce the paper on value chains on biofuels. The training material also includes a brief note on the ‘Producer Companies’, an emerging innovative institution for the primary producers in the country. We are also thankful to P Birthal from National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (NCAP/New Delhi), GP Reddy from National Academy for Agricultural research and management (NAARM/Hyderabad) and Ch Radhika Rani from National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD/Hyderabad) for their comments and suggestions to improve this manual.


Poverty, food insecurity, rapid population growth and environmental degradation are problems seriously hounding the developing world today. These are most felt in the semi-arid tropics (SAT), home to one-sixth of the world’s population. The SAT, which includes 48 developing countries in Asia and Africa, is characterized by extreme poverty, lingering drought, infertile soils, growing desertification and environmental degradation. Our geographic focus is on the semi-arid tropics of Africa and Asia, referred to for brevity in the rest of the Plan as ‘the tropical drylands’ or simply ‘the drylands’. About 6.5 million square kilometers in over 55 countries is classified as dryland tropics. More than 2 billion people currently live in the drylands, with 600 million considered to be poor. Hence, strengthening value chains in SAT regions will help in reducing poverty through upgrading along the value chain shifts from inefficient to efficient value added products (ICRISAT strategic plan 2020). Mostly, dryland crops are grown in the semi-arid tropics, which include coarse cereals (such as sorghum, pearl millet and finger millet) and legumes (such as soybean, groundnuts, chickpea, pigeonpea and other pulse crops). The other main source of income is from livestock products such as meat and milk products. Keeping in mind the diverse product base of the SAT areas, this manual illustrates value chains for different products commonly produced in this region.....

Item Type: Monograph (Documentation)
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2013 06:54
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2013 09:24
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