Inheritance of Resistance to Striga in Sorghum Genotype SRN39

Hess, D E and Ejeta, G (1992) Inheritance of Resistance to Striga in Sorghum Genotype SRN39. Plant Breeding, 109 (3). pp. 233-241. ISSN 1439-0523

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Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth., a parasitic weed of grasses, causes major yield reductions in the principal cereal crops of semi-arid Africa. Cultivar resistance is the most economic control measure, since adapted, resistant cultivars can be grown without additional input from the subsistence farmer. Information on the genetics of resistance to S. hermonthica is scant. This is partially attributable to the rarity of germplasms which exhibit stable resistance across geographical regions. The objective of this study was to determine if the stable resistance observed in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] cultivar SRN39 is heritable. Crosses were made between SRN39 and a susceptible parent, P954063. Parental, F1, F2 and backcross generations were grown in infested pots and development of both host and parasite was monitored. Significant variation among genotypes was observed for both host traits and effects on parasite populations. The F1 did not differ significantly in Striga resistance from the susceptible parent, suggesting recessive inheritance. However, hybrid vigor was exhibited by the F1 which yielded and developed as well as the resistant parent. Broad sense heritability ranged from 0.23 to 0.55 for host traits and from 0.10 to 0.43 for effect of genotypes on the Striga population. Joint scaling tests showed that observed variation in each host or parasite trait consisted of additive and dominance components, suggesting possible progress could be made with appropriate selection schemes

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum bicolor; Striga hermonthica; parasitic weed;resistance; inheritance
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 06:04
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2013 06:04
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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