Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Gaur, P M and Jukanti, A K and Samineni, S and Gowda, C L L (2012) Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). In: Breeding of Field Crops. Agrobios (India), Jodhpur ,India, pp. 165-189. ISBN 9788177544565

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Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) also called Bengal gram or Garbanzo, is the largest produced food legume in South Asia and the third largest produced food legume globally, after common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and field pea (Piston sativum L.). Chickpea is grown in more than 50 countries (90% area in Asia, 4.7% in Africa, 3.1% in Oceania, 1.6% in Americas and 0.5% in Europe), but developing countries account for over 95% of its production (FAO, 2011). Over 75% of the chickpea production comes from South Asia, where India is the largest chickpea producing country accounting for 67% of the global chickpea production. The other major chickpea producing countries include Pakistan, Turkey, Australia, Myanmar, Ethiopia, Iran, 'Mexico and Canada (Figure 1). During the triennium 2006-2009, the global chickpea area was about 11.1 m ha with a production of 9.3 m tons and average yield of nearly 838 kg ha-1 (FAO, 2011).

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2013 05:46
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 08:22
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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