Impact of Climate Change in Soils of Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT)

Pal, D K and Sarkar, D and Bhattacharyya, T and Datta, S C and Chandran, P and Ray, S K (2013) Impact of Climate Change in Soils of Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT). In: Climate Change And Agriculture. Studium Press India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India, pp. 113-121. ISBN 978-93-80012-40-7

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The review o f research results on Indian major soil types under semi-arid tropics (SAT) indicates that climate change from humid to arid occurred in the Peninsular regions o f India during the Holocene period. This change is being realized in the rise in mean annual temperature (MAT) and decrease in mean annual rainfall (MAR). The prevailing arid climatic adversities favoured the sequestration o f inorganic carbon as CaC03 with concomitant development of soil sodicity in major soil types o f India, representing regressive pedogenesis. As a result, crop productivity in these soils often has reduced to less than 50%. Thus the regressive pedogenetic processes under SAT environments pose a threat to agriculture being an unfavourable natural endowment that will ever demand for extra resources for raising crops (especially the winter crops) by the resource poor farmers in the naturally degraded soils.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Others > Soil Science
Others > Climate Change
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2013 05:38
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2013 05:38
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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