QTL Mapping in Tropical Maize: II. Comparison of Genomic Regions for Resistance to Diatraea spp.

Bohn, M M and Khairallah, M and Jiang, C and González-de-León, D and Hoisington, D A and et al, . (1997) QTL Mapping in Tropical Maize: II. Comparison of Genomic Regions for Resistance to Diatraea spp. Crop Science, 37 (6). pp. 1892-1902. ISSN 1435-0653

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT users only

Download (319kB) | Request a copy


Southwestern corn borer (SWCB), Diatraea grandiosella (Dyar), and the sugar cane borer (SCB), Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), are serious insect pests in maize (Zea mays L.) production areas of Central America and the southern USA. We mapped and characterized quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting resistance to the leaf feeding generation of SWCB(1 SWCB), compared these QTL with those for resistance to the leaf feeding generation of SCB (1SCB) identified in the same mapping population, and assessed the consistency of QTL for 1SWCB across two populations. One hundred seventy-one F2 genotypes from cross CML131 (susceptible) × CML67 (resistant) and 100 RFLP marker loci were used for the QTL analyses. 1SWCB and 1SCB resistance were assessed in F2:3 lines by leaf damage ratings (LDR) after artificial infestation in field experiments with two replications at one subtropical environment in 2 yr. The method of composite interval mapping (CIM) was used for QTL detection. Estimates of genotypic (σ2g) and genotype × year interaction variance (σ2g) were highly significant for 1SWCB LDR and 1SCB LDR. Phenotypic and genotypic correlations between both traits were 0.62 and 1.02, respectively. for 1SWCB LDR, six QTL were detected explaining 53.3% of σ̂2g, with two QTL displaying significant QTL × year interactions. Ten QTL were detected for 1SCB LDR, accounting for 98.2% of σ̂2g. The QTL showed predominantly additive or partially dominant gene action. Seven out of 10 QTL were pleiotropic to both Diatraea spp. Three genomic regions, on Chromosomes 5 and 9, were consistent with a second mapping population derived from cross Ki3 (susceptible) × CML139 (resistant), for which seven QTL for 1SWCB LDR were found. Marker-assisted ‘gene stacking’ is recommended for transferring pleiotropic QTL into susceptible germplasm and for pyramiding QTL from different sources of insect resistance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Others > Maize
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2012 05:02
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2012 05:13
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/5711
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1997.0011183X0037...
Acknowledgement: D. A. Hoisington is presently with ICRISAT (Patancheru)
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item