Mining the chickpea composite collection for allelic variation

Upadhyaya, H D and Baum, M and Buhariwala, H K and Udupa, S M and Furman, B J and Dwivedi, S L and Hoisington, D A and Gaur, P M and Chandra, S and Gowda, C L L and Valkoun, J (2006) Mining the chickpea composite collection for allelic variation. In: Molecular Markers for Allele Mining: Proceedings of a workshop, 22–26 August 2005, M S Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India.

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Chickpea, Cicer arietinum L., is believed to have originated in south-east Turkey. However, at present, the major chickpea-growing countries are India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Australia, Ethiopia, and Mexico. Chickpea is a leguminous food crop, self-pollinating, and diploid. Its gene pool consists of 43 species: one annual cultivated (i.e. chickpea), eight annual wild, and 34 perennial wild species. Two types of chickpea are known: desi types with coloured flowers, and angular-shaped and dark-coloured seeds, primarily grown in South Asia and Africa; and kabuli types with white flowers, owl’s head-shaped and beige-coloured seeds, and grown mostly in Mediterranean countries. To study the allelic richness and diversity associated with beneficial traits, a composite set of 3000 chickpea germplasm accessions was constituted. This set included the chickpea core collection, old and new cultivars and traitspecific germplasm accessions from ICRISAT and accessions representing the ICARDA collection.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2011 08:02
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2011 08:02
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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