Transmission of Pigeon pea sterility mosaic virus by the Eriophyid Mite, Aceria cajani (Acari: Arthropoda)

Kulkarni, N K and Kumar, P L and Muniyappa, V and Jones, A T and Reddy, D V R (2002) Transmission of Pigeon pea sterility mosaic virus by the Eriophyid Mite, Aceria cajani (Acari: Arthropoda). Plant Disease, 86 (12). pp. 1297-1302. ISSN 0191-2917

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT users only

Download (278kB) | Request a copy


The transmission characteristics of pigeon pea sterility mosaic virus (PPSMV) to pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) by its eriophyid mite vector, A. cajani, were studied. Nonviruliferous A. cajani colonies were established on detached healthy leaflets of a PPSMV-immune pigeon pea cultivar (ICP8863) floating on water. The transmission efficiency of single A. cajani was up to 53%, but was 100% when >5 mites per plant were used. A. cajani acquired PPSMV after a minimum acquisition access period (AAP) of 15 minutes and inoculated virus after a minimum inoculation access period (IAP) of 90 minutes. No latent period was observed. Starvation of A. cajani prior to, or following, PPSMV acquisition reduced the minimum AAP and IAP periods to 10 and 60 minutes, respectively, and mites retained virus for up to 13 h. None of the mites that developed from eggs taken from PPSMV-infected leaves transmitted the virus, indicating that it is not transmitted transovarially. Taken together, these data suggest a semipersistent mode of transmission of PPSMV by A. cajani.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2011 08:34
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 08:34
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item