Chickpea breeding - progress and prospects

Rheenen, H A van (1991) Chickpea breeding - progress and prospects. Plant Breeding Abstracts , 61 (9). pp. 997-1007. ISSN 0032-0803

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT users only

Download (4MB) | Request a copy


Chickpea (Cicer arietinum), grown on about 10 million ha annually, is the world's third most important ju!se crop. Although its breeding history is short, considerable progress has been made in cultivar improvement. Breeding cultivars with resistance to freezing, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris, Ascochyta rabiei and Helicoverpa armigem, and for short duration are examples of successes. Yield stability has increased and yield gains of 1.6% per annum have been achieved. In the West Asia and Mediterranean region, drought avoidance by winter sowing has been achieved by incorporating disease resistance and changing the sowing date. This has resulted in a 75% yield increase. A 20% yield increase was recorded in peninsular India because of the extra-short duration. The prospects for additional gains from breeding are good. Desirable traits include resistance to high temperature, salinity, Botrylis cinerea. Sclero~ium[Corliciumr]o ysii, Liriomyza cicerina and stunt caused by bean leaf roll luteovirus. Attention should also be given to the problems of chilling and lodging in the most productive chickpea-growing areas. The possibilities of applying new biotechnological methods for genetic improvement, part~cularly the use of interspecific crossing, micropropagation, somaclonal variation, and isocnzyme and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) mapping, are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2011 11:54
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2013 12:31
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item