Effects of plant diseases on crop residues used for peri-urban dairy production on the Deccan Plateau

Pande, S and Rao, P P and Blummel, M and Reddy, L (2006) Effects of plant diseases on crop residues used for peri-urban dairy production on the Deccan Plateau. In: Perspectives on Pests II: Achievements of research under UK department of International developmen. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics , Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India, pp. 145-146.

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Increased milk production in India will require improved yields of higher-quality crop residues for animal fodder. In Andhra.Pradesh State;'.on.the Deccan Plateau, groundnut crop residues are the.main source of dry fodder for dairy animals. However, the nutritive value of crop residues is often low, and both, sorghum and groundnut are susceptible to a number of diseases that reduce production and quality. Additionally, the development of mycotoxins by fungi on the residues is a serious threat to animal health and, through milk, to human health. In an attempt to tackle these constraints, disease-resistant; dual-purpose cultivars have been distributed to farmers, and village-level seed multiplication/distribution systems following integrated management of foliar diseases have been successfully developed; Farmers identified groundnut cultivar ICGV 91114- as outstanding for both grain and haulm production and quality. Farm surveys confirmed the higher yields of the new cultivar, and laboratory analyses and on-farm feeding trials showed improved nutritive value and milk production. The use of ICGV 91114 as part of an integrated disease management strategy will lead to improved food security and increased incomes. To achieve this, farmers must have assured access to good-quality seed. Unlike sorghum, for which the private seed industry can serve as a multiplier of jmproved cultivars, community-based seed-production systems for groundnut, will need to be established through farmer self-help qroups and NGOs in order' to achieve widespread seed dissemination.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2011 11:13
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2011 11:13
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/4847
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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