Impacts of Improved Pearl Millet Cultivars in India

Deb, U K and Bantilan, M C S and Rai, K N (2005) Impacts of Improved Pearl Millet Cultivars in India. In: Impact of Agricultural Research: Post-Green Revolution Evidence from India. National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research and International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, New Delhi, pp. 85-99.

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Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is the fourth most important cereal in India in terms of area cultivated after rice, wheat, and sorghum. It provides grain and fodder to milch animals and is usually grown under harsh environments and on poor soils. India grows about 7 Mt of pearl millet grain from 10 Mha of land. The major pearl millet-growing states in India are Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh (Table 1). In terms of yield in 1995-98, Uttar Pradesh stood first, followed by Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Rajasthan. These nine states covered more than 99% of the total pearl millet area and production in 1995-98. While the area under pearl millet has been declining over time in all the states, except Maharashtra, production has gone up in all the states, except Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu (Table 1). Pearl millet yield increased in all the states and more than doubled in a majority of them in the late 1990s compared to the early 1960s. Increase in yield was associated with increase in area under improved pearl millet cultivars...

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2011 08:56
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2013 08:42
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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