Institutional History of Watershed Research: The Evolution of ICRISAT’s Work on Natural Resources in India ICRISAT.Global Theme on Agroecosystems Report no. 12

Shambhu Prasad, C and Hall, A J and Wani, S P (2005) Institutional History of Watershed Research: The Evolution of ICRISAT’s Work on Natural Resources in India ICRISAT.Global Theme on Agroecosystems Report no. 12. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics , Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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The authors acknowledge the valuable suggestions and insights provided by Jacob Kampen, Robert Chambers, Jim Ryan, JS Kanwar, NS Jodha, John Kerr, Paul Starkey, Norman Clark, Stephen Biggs, Dyno Keatinge and Steve Twomlow and also their suggestions on an earlier draft. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the NRM scientists P Pathak, TJ Rego, KL Sahrawat, RC Sachan, Piara Singh, A Ramakrishna, GV Ranga Rao and Sreenath Dixit for freely sharing their experiences. They are, however, not responsible for the views expressed. The authors thank Ms Sheila Vijayakumar for editing the manuscript and Mr KNV Satyanarayana for incorporating the editorial corrections and page-setting the manuscript.


In recent years international agricultural research centers had to respond to changed mandates with a more explicit focus on poverty reduction and environmental sustainability from an earlier focus on improved agricultural productivity. Natural resource management (NRM) research has been an important area that has witnessed several institutional changes within the CGIAR system for the fulfillments of these goals. Most research centers have sought and promoted innovations through concepts such as participatory research, partnerships and alternatives to the transfer of technology approach. In this report we argue that while these changes have indeed contributed to a greater poverty focus of the CG centers, there is a greater need to understand the practice of science amongst these centers and the underlying institutional constraints that hinder or enhance learning in the proposed transition of these research centers into learning organizations. In this study the institutional history of a CG center has been used as a tool to promote institutional learning and change. It demonstrates that research managers in the CG system have not adequately accessed the institutional innovations of its own scientists in facilitating changes under newer mandates. By tracing the various ups and downs of ICRISAT’s thirty-year involvement in NRM research, this report points to the need for greater sensitivity in research design towards institutional constraints that prevent faster learning and the need for evolving mechanisms to enable real time learning in projects. This publication

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Subjects: Others > Watershed Management
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2011 13:38
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2011 13:38
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