Status of Groundnut Research and Production in South Asia

Reddy, P S and Basu, M S and Khaleque, M A and Hoque, M S and Naazar, A and Mallik, S N and Than, H and Soe, T and Regunathan, B and Mishra, B and Murthy, T G K and Nigam, S N (1992) Status of Groundnut Research and Production in South Asia. In: Groundnut- A global Perspective: Proceeding of an International Workshop., 25-29 Nov 1991, ICRISAT Asia Centre, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh.

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South Asia, comprising Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, accounts for about 43.4% of the world groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) area (8.6 million ha) and 35.7% of production (8.1 million t). The period coinciding with the Southwest monsoon is the main growing season in the region although the crop is grown in more than one season in India, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. The low average yields of groundnut in the region result from: raising the crop mostly under rainfed conditions on marginal and submarginal lands with low levels of inputs, use of varieties with long maturity periods, susceptibility of the crop to a plethora of insect pests and diseases, and nonavailability of efficient farm machinery and quality seed. All countries in the region made sustained efforts in the development of improved technology, including development of high-yielding varieties, improved agronomic practices, new and efficient strains of Bradyrhizobium, and efficient and economical plant protection schedules for the control of major insect pests and diseases. When tested in the farmers' fields, the technology indicated much unrealized yield poten- tial. The future crop improvement research in the region aims to concentrate on the areas of crop duration. fresh seed dormancy, resistance/tolerance to major biotic stresses, seed quality and production. and design and development of efficient farm implements and machinery. To realizefull impact of research on groundnut production in the region, it is important to ensure adequate support price and market to the crop. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) has contributed substantially towards the development of improved cultivars as well as offering training facilities to accomplish better human resource development in the region.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2011 05:48
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2011 05:48
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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