Effects of Mycotoxins on Cereals Grain Feed and Fodder Quality:CFC Technical Paper No.34

Waliyar, F and Reddy, S V and Thakur, R P (2004) Effects of Mycotoxins on Cereals Grain Feed and Fodder Quality:CFC Technical Paper No.34. In: Alternative uses of sorghum and pearl millet in Asia., 1-4 July, 2003, ICRISAT Asia Centre, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh.

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The mycotoxigenic mold fungi Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium were shown to be associated with grain molds in sorghum and pearl millet. These fungi produce several mycotoxins, some of which can affect human and animal health. The most important mycotoxins that occur at biologically significant concentrations in cereals are aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, fumonisins, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol and T2 toxin. Reports indicate that aflatoxin B1 was associated with liver cancer, synergistic with hepatitis B virus and childhood cirrhosis in humans. Several outbreaks of aflatoxicosis in poultry and livestock were reported. The fumonisins were associated with oesophageal cancer and T2 toxin with alimentary toxic aleukia in humans. Fusarial mycotoxins have been implicated as causative agents in various animal diseases such as leucoencephalomalacia, pulmonary edema, infertility, diarrhea, vomiting, reduced growth rate, drop in egg production and immunosuppression. Mycotoxin contamination of cereals can cause economic losses at levels of food and feed production including crop distribution, processing and animal production. Health risks associated with consumption of contaminated cereals were recognized and several countries have recommended permissible levels of mycotoxins. At ICRISAT, Patancheru, India, we have developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based technology to detect aflatoxin B1, aflatoxin M1, ochratoxin A and fumonisins in food and feeds.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2011 10:03
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2011 10:03
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/3028
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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