Evaluation of advanced sorghum breeding lines for grain mold resistance.

Thakur, R P and Reddy, B V S and Rao, V P and Agarkar, G D and Salunke, R B and Bhat, B (2009) Evaluation of advanced sorghum breeding lines for grain mold resistance. Indian Phytopathology, 62 (2). pp. 163-170.

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Grain mold, caused by a fungal complex, is a major production constraint of early-maturing high-yielding rainy season sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) hybrids. A total of 34 selected elite B-lines bred for grain mold resistance at ICRISAT were evaluated for their resistance stability through a collaborative Sorghum Grain Mold Resistance Stability Nursery under natural infection at five locations (Akola, Parbhani, Palem, Patancheru, and Surat) in India during three rainy seasons, 2002 to 2004. Grain mold severity scores were recorded at two stages, first at physiological maturity-panicle grain mold rating (PGMR) in the field nursery and second after harvest on threshed grain-threshed grain mold rating (TGMR), using a progressive 1-5 scale. Results indicated significant differences among the genotypes (G), locations (L), years (Y) and their interactions for both PGMR and TGMR scores. A strong positive correlation (r=0.89) between PGMR and TGMR indicated the adequacy of grain mold severity recording, preferably PGMR. Relatively, larger variance due to G than to G × L and G × Y interaction components justified breeding sorghum hybrid for grain mold resistance for wider adaptation in India.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sorghum, grain mold, stable rsistance, aronomic traits
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2011 05:42
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2014 05:21
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/1999
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: We thank K.N. Rai for critical review of the manuscript , to N. Seetharama and T.G. Nageshwara Rao of the All India Sorghum Improvement Project(AICSP), for their interest and fascilitating the conduct of the SGMRSN at the four AICSIP locations.
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