Yield and yield stability of four population types of grain sorghum in a semi-arid area of Kenya

Haussmann, B I G and Obilana, A B and Ayiecho, P O and Blum, A and Schipprack, W and Geiger, H H (2000) Yield and yield stability of four population types of grain sorghum in a semi-arid area of Kenya. Crop Science, 40 (2). pp. 319-329. ISSN 1435-0653

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT users only

Download (311kB) | Request a copy


Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is widely grown in semi-arid tropics where local farmers depend on the adaptability of their rainfed crops to unpredictable drought and other stress factors. To investigate the effects of heterozygosity and heterogeneity on the adaptability of grain sorghum, two sets of material, each containing 12 parent lines, six single-cross hybrids, six two-component blends of parent lines, and six two-component hybrid blends were grown in eight macro-environments in the semi-arid Makueni District of Kenya, during 1991 through 1993. Environmental means for grain yield ranged from 584 to 47 g m-2. In all environments, hybrids outyielded their parent lines, with a mean relative hybrid superiority of 54%. Blending effects were non-significant. Combined analyses of variance were computed with logarithmically transformed data. Entry x environment interaction effects were more important than genetic effects. Lines in pure stand contributed most to the total entry x environment interaction variance. Wide ranges were found within all four groups for stability parameters derived from regression analysis. On average, hybrids in pure stand had most favorable values. Pattern analysis (classification and ordination techniques) was applied to the environment-standardized matrix of entry means from the individual environments. A one-way classification clearly distinguished homozygous from heterozygous entries. Heterogeneous entries were not consistently grouped together. Performance plots for different entry groups showed various patterns of adaptation and illustrated the superiority of heterozygous entries. The biplot from ordination underlined the importance of entry x type-of-drought-stress interaction. Principal Components 1 and 2 were highly correlated with entries' mean yield and regression coefficient, respectively. Breeding heterozygous cultivars could contribute to increased grain yields and improved yielding stability of sorghum in the target area of Kenya.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2011 09:24
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2011 09:25
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/1857
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.402319x
Funders: German Israel Agricultural Research Agreement for Developing Countries (GIARA)
Acknowledgement: The authors thank the following persons for their contribution to this investigation: the Director of the University of Nairobi Dryland Research Station at Kibwezi; Chris Mukindia and Eli Barak (Kibwezi Irrigation Project); the Directors of the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) at Kiboko and Marigat; Mr. Mutinda and Mr. Haggai (KARI); Dr. S.Z. Mukuru and Mr. Kibuka (ICRISAT-Kenya); Anthony Mutie his family; Daniel Kalua, Vernand Ziro, and all other Kenyans who carefully assisted in the field work. We also like thank Prof. Dr. H.F. Utz, Dr. G. Seitz, and Dr. H.G. Welz (University of Hohenheim) and Dr. S. Chandra (ICRISAT- India) for most valuable discussions of the data and statistical analyses. Finally, we highly appreciate the generous financial support by the German Israel Agricultural Research Agreement for Developing Countries (GIARA).
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item