Field evaluation of plant extracts for the control of late leaf spot in groundnut

Kishore, G K and Pande, S and Rao, J N (2002) Field evaluation of plant extracts for the control of late leaf spot in groundnut. International Arachis Newsletter, 22. pp. 46-48.

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Field experiments were conducted at ICRISAT, Patancheru, India during kharif 1999 and 2000. Arachis hypogaea cv. TMV2, susceptible to late leaf spot (LLS; Mycosphaerella berkeleyi), was used. Infected crop debris was spread on infector rows of TMV2 and these were sprayed with a conidial suspension (20?000 conidia/ml). Freshly prepared aqueous leaf extracts of Datura metel (2% w/v) and Lawsonia inermis (5% w/v) and chlorothalonil (0.2% w/v) were applied as foliar sprays at 500 litres/ha at 45, 60, 75, 90 and 105 days after sowing (DAS). Plots sprayed with water were maintained as a control. Disease severity was recorded on a 1-9 scale at intervals of 10 days starting from 45 DAS. In control plots, complete defoliation occurred at 96 DAS and LLS severity was rated as 9. Extract of D. metel continuously reduced disease progress up to 115 DAS and severity of LLS at harvest (115 DAS) was significantly less than the control. L. inermis extract contained disease progress up to 95 DAS (7.3 severity) while disease severity was considerably less in plots sprayed with chlorothalonil compared with those sprayed with the two leaf extracts. Pod yields in plots sprayed with L. inermis and D. metel extracts were 20.0 and 48.3% higher, respectively, than the control plots.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2011 08:22
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2011 08:22
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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