Water hyacinth biomass valorization: fostering biodiversity and sustainable development in the bioeconomy

Cherwoo, L and Berwal, B and Kumar, S and Datta, A and Prabhu, G N and Oo, H N and Bhondekar, A P (2023) Water hyacinth biomass valorization: fostering biodiversity and sustainable development in the bioeconomy. In: Biodiversity and Bioeconomy Status Quo, Challenges, and Opportunities. Elsevier Inc., Netherlands, pp. 445-474. ISBN 978-0-323-95482-2

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A shift towards using sustainable energy resources in the form of bioenergy, generated using biomass, has been currently the main focus of developing economies around the globe. Biomass is the main resource of the bioeconomy, yet the current biomass supply chain for different green initiatives is frequently unsustainable, not economically viable in the long run, or simply unavailable and non-diverse. An ideal component of bioeconomy should be present all across the globe all year round to facilitate a viable supply-demand cycle with high biodiversity and availability. One such resource is a unique floating invasive aquatic weed, Water Hyacinth (Pontederia crassipes). It is one of the most invasive aquatic weeds having a global presence due to its high proliferation rate and high adaptability to different environmental conditions across the globe. Water hyacinth biomass is nutrient-rich and can be a great source of lignocellulosic biomass to be used as feed material for biofuel and/or bioenergy production, as a major component of bioeconomy, among other applications. The problem, at present, is there is a lack of sustainable use options for the water hyacinth biomass, and it is often seen as an infestation more than a potential solution, frequently dumped near the infested water bodies after extraction or controlled using chemical methods. The rapid release of ammonia and other foul-smelling substances from this rotting biomass causes local nuisance. This rich source of biomass is thus presently highly under-utilized and under-managed. Biochemical, thermochemical, and physio-chemical conversion of water hyacinth biomass could solve multi-dimensional problems of current bioeconomic challenges. Encompassing the biodiversity and availability of such a resource is critically important through successful collection, treatment, and sustainable utilization. Water hyacinths can provide answers to the growing biomass demand for bioenergy production. Such waste-to-wealth initiatives foster a green bioeconomy and substantially contribute to sustainable development goals.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Global Research Program - Resilient Farm and Food Systems
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiversity, sustainable development, bioeconomy, biomass, bioenergy
Subjects: Others > Biodiversity
Others > Sustainable Development
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2024 05:13
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2024 05:13
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/12525
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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