Effectiveness of Millet-Pulse-Groundnut Based Formulations in Improving the Growth of Pre-school Tribal Children in Telangana State, India

Mazumdar, S D and Afari-Sefa, V and Selvaraj, A and Durgalla, P and Seetha, A and Nedumaran, T and Nancy, D and Mane, H and Bhattacharjee, S and Swamikannu, N and Raman, A and Banerjee, R and Padmanabhan, J and Bose, D (2024) Effectiveness of Millet-Pulse-Groundnut Based Formulations in Improving the Growth of Pre-school Tribal Children in Telangana State, India. Preprints. pp. 1-16.

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A community-level nutrition intervention was implemented among tribal children (3 to 6 years) in Telangana, India. The one-year intervention involved six nutrient-rich formulations of millet-pulse-groundnut based products, suited to local taste preferences. Anthropometric measurements of height, weight and Mid-Upper-Arm -Circumference (MUAC) along with haemoglobin (Hb) levels were monitored at baseline and endline. The treatment group showed considerable gain in height (3.2 cm), weight (1.68 kg) and MUAC (0.33 cm), over the control group. Paired t-test indicated significant differences (p<.01) between pre- and post-intervention anthropometric measurements. Positive shifts were observed in wasting (WHZ; -1.2 ±1.3 to -0.9± 1), stunting (HAZ; -1.8±1.6 to -0.3±1.3) and underweight (WAZ; -1.9±1.2 to -0.7±1) among treatment group. Hb levels in the treatment group also improved significantly from 9.70 ± 0.14 g/dl (moderately-anaemic) to 11.08 ± 0.13 g/dl (non-anaemic). Post-intervention Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) involving mothers and teachers confirmed the positive impact. Thus, nutritional intervention formulated using climate resilient millets, pulses and groundnut, promotes dietary diversity and improves the nutrition & health status of children.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Global Research Program - Enabling Systems Transformation
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrition intervention, millets, sorghum, ready-to-eat food, ready-to-cook food, pre-school children
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Food and Nutrition
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2024 09:01
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2024 09:01
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/12391
Official URL: https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/202401.0757/v...
Funders: Department of Tribal Welfare, Government of Telangana
Acknowledgement: Secretary & Commissioner-Tribal Welfare, Officials- Department of Tribal Welfare, Project Officers- ITDA, District Welfare Officers, Child Development Project Officers, ICDS Supervisors and Anganwadi Teachers. The team acknowledges Mr. Mohammed Irshad Ahmed, ICRISAT for generating GIS map of the study sites.
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