Genetic engineering approaches for insect resistance in major agricultural crops

Kota, S and Yogendra, K and Jaba, J (2022) Genetic engineering approaches for insect resistance in major agricultural crops. In: Molecular Response and Genetic Engineering for Stress in Plants. Biotic stress, 2 . IOP Publishing Ltd, London, 4-1-4-24. ISBN 978-0-7503-4926-0

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Due to rising population in emerging countries, where agriculture is the driving engine for broad-based economic growth, cropland availability is dwindling. In developing countries, this leads to food insecurity and malnutrition. Simultaneously, biotic stresses, namely pests, are substantial contributors to crop output losses. Because of the complicated genetic makeup and paucity of available resistant genes in essential crops, the use of biotechnology technologies in pest management is critical. This makes conventional breeding difficult, and pesticide use has the potential to harm natural enemies, humans, and animals. To control insect pests, genetic engineering provides an alternative and effective technique. We cover how Bacillus thuringiensis Cry toxins, vegetative insecticidal proteins (Vip), proteinase inhibitors (PIs), plant lectins, RNAi, and CRISPR/Cas9 can be used to manage insect pests sustainably in this chapter.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Global Research Program - Accelerated Crop Improvement
Series Name: Biotic stress
Uncontrolled Keywords: plant genetic engineering, plant stress biology, climate smart crops, plant biotechnology, applied botany, stress biology, biotic and abiotic stress
Subjects: Others > Abiotic Stress
Others > Biotic Stress
Others > Genetic Engineering
Others > Entomology
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2023 04:21
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2023 04:21
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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