Improving women's purchasing power through land-enhancing technologies: The case of bio-reclamation of degraded lands in Niger

Singbo, A and Quarshies, J and Bonou, A and Lokossou, J and Fatondji, D and Dandedjrohoun, L (2023) Improving women's purchasing power through land-enhancing technologies: The case of bio-reclamation of degraded lands in Niger. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems (TSI), 6. pp. 1-13. ISSN 2571-581X

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In Niger, about 50% of the land surface is composed of degraded lateritic soils, and rural women farmers have limited access to productive land. Targeting largely marginalized rural women with bio-reclamation of degraded land (BDL) technologies restores their rights to earn a livelihood through agriculture. This study examines the determinants and impacts of land-enhancing technology on women farmers in Niger. Data were collected from 1,205 randomly selected women farmers in the Maradi and Zinder regions. The sample included 69% of participants into BDL program and 31% of non-participants. To account for selection bias from observable and unobservable factors, an endogenous switching regression (ESR) model was used to estimate the impact of BDL technology on women's household income. A simple probit model was used to analyze the determinants of participation. The results show that key determinants of participation in BDL include income level before participation in BDL, household size, age of participants, number of women in the household, number of children under 5 years old, sex of household head, age of household head, and institutional support. Participation in BDL positively influences participants' income (+14%); non-participants may not benefit from participating as they would probably lose 31% of their income, and the impact of participation in BDL varies widely across regions. Before the advent of BDL, the income of non-participants was higher than that of participants by 25%. It can be inferred that BDL is a pro-poor technology that is not beneficial to all women farmers. This study makes a critical contribution to the literature on land-enhancing technologies. It suggests that the impact of land-enhancing technologies, such as BDL, is closely linked to spatial, economic, environmental, temporal, and cultural contexts. Accordingly, land-enhancing technologies should target locations with large percentages of degraded farmlands and the poorest farmers. These results contribute to food security and poverty alleviation policies in rural dryland areas.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
Uncontrolled Keywords: bio-reclamation of degraded lands, impact assessment (IA), welfare, endogenous switching regression model (ESRM), Niger
Subjects: Others > Rural Development
Others > Niger
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2023 10:57
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2023 10:57
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: We acknowledge funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Niger to the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
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