Home gardens, household nutrition and income in rural farm households in Odisha, India

Ogutu, S O and Mockshell, J and Garrett, J and Labarta, R and Ritter, T and Martey, E and Nedumaran, S and Gotor, E and Gonzalez, C (2023) Home gardens, household nutrition and income in rural farm households in Odisha, India. American Journal Of Agricultural Economics. pp. 1-20. ISSN 1477-9552

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Home gardens have been an integral part of the recent food-based interventions aimed at stimulating changes in dietary patterns and improving nutrition. However, evidence of their effects on food security, dietary quality, child anthropometry and incomes is limited, particularly among vulnerable populations groups. Using panel data from a sample of approximately 1900 households from vulnerable population groups in Odisha, India, difference-in-differences and other econometric techniques, we analyse the effects of home gardens on food security, dietary quality, child anthropometry and income. On average, home gardens contribute to better household food security, higher dietary quality of men and women but do not contribute to higher children's dietary quality and anthropometry. Also, home gardens increase monthly per adult equivalent incomes by 37% and reduce the prevalence of poverty by 11.7 percentage points. Quantile regression results suggest that home gardens enhance food security and incomes in all quantiles, but richer farmers benefit more than poorer farmers. Overall, home gardens can enhance household food security, dietary quality of men and women, and income gains among vulnerable farming population groups, but they may not suffice to improve child dietary quality and anthropometry.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Global Research Program - Enabling Systems Transformation
Uncontrolled Keywords: child anthropometry, dietary quality, food security, home gardens, India, smallholders
Subjects: Others > Smallholder Agriculture
Others > Food Security
Others > India
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 05 May 2023 04:31
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 04:31
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/12077
Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1...
Projects: CGIAR Research Initiative on National Policies and Strategies
Funders: International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Acknowledgement: The authors gratefully acknowledge the constructive comments from two anonymous reviewers and the editor of this journal on an earlier draft. The authors also acknowledge Tisorn Songsermsawas and Romina Cavatassi from the Research and Impact Assessment Division at IFAD, Frew Behabtu from the IFAD India Country Office, the OPELIP Programme's Management Unit, and ICRISAT staff for their research cooperation. The authors are thankful for the support received from Ravi Nandi in cordinating the midline data collection during his work at ICRISAT-India. They also thank the survey firm HDI for leading the midline data collection efforts and Diego Alvarez for supporting data management. Many thanks to Kashi Kafle and Rui Benfica for leading the efforts to collect the baseline data. This research was financially supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) as part of the project “Linking Research to Impact: Increasing the effectiveness of Agriculture and Food Systems in Improving Nutrition” and the CGIAR research initiative on National Policies and Strategies (NPS), which is grateful for the support of CGIAR Trust Fund contributors.
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