The COVID-19 Induced Disruptions across Groundnut Value Chain: Empirical Evidence from South India

Nandi, R and Nedumaran, S and Selvaraj, A and Mazumdar, S D and Shalander, K (2021) The COVID-19 Induced Disruptions across Groundnut Value Chain: Empirical Evidence from South India. Sustainability (TSI), 13 (4). pp. 1-21. ISSN 2071-1050

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We study the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the groundnut value chain and all the actors involved in its value chain in Ananthapuramu district of Andhra Pradesh, a leading groundnut producing state in south India. The results revealed that the COVID-19 pandemic created a double burden on farmers by disrupting farm production on one side and decreased diet diversity on the other. Disruption in farm productions resulted in a decline in household income and increased consumer food prices. The effect on farmers snowballed to other actors in the value chain, and all the actors were affected variably. Availability of storage infrastructure would have saved the farmer’s household income to some extent during the pandemic. Supply of diverse nutrient foods through the existing public distribution system, which mostly provides wheat and rice, might have helped tackle the diet diversity issue amongst farmers. Farmer’s collectives were perceived to reduce the negative impact during natural disasters like the COVID-19 pandemic by helping to organise smallholder farmers, minimise transaction costs and increase their bargaining power. In addition, effective farm extension services, including market information, could have benefited farmers during the crisis.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Innovation Systems for the Drylands (ISD)
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC)
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19, Groundnut, Small and marginal farmers, Supply chain, India
Subjects: Others > Smallholder Farmers
Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > India
Others > Value Chains
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2021 16:00
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2021 08:32
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: We would like to thank R Padmaja for providing her initial comments on the survey questionnaire, field investigators and technical team who helped us in designing tab-based survey and data collection.
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