A framework for priority-setting in climate smart agriculture research

Thornton, P K and Whitbread, A M and Baedeker, T and Cairns, J and Claessens, L and Baethgen, W and Bunn, C and Friedmann, M and Giller, K E and Herrero, M and Howden, M and Kilcline, K and Nangia, V and Ramirez-Villegas, J and Kumar, S and West, P C and Keating, B (2018) A framework for priority-setting in climate smart agriculture research. Agricultural Systems (TSI), 167. pp. 161-175. ISSN 0308521X

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Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is widely promoted as an approach for reorienting agricultural development under the realities of climate change. Prioritising research-for-development activities is crucial, given the need to utilise scarce resources as effectively as possible. However, no framework exists for assessing and comparing different CSA research investments. Several aspects make it challenging to prioritise CSA research, including its multi-dimensional nature (productivity, adaptation and mitigation), the uncertainty surrounding many climate impacts, and the scale and temporal dependencies that may affect the benefits and costs of CSA adoption. Here we propose a framework for prioritising agricultural research investments across scales and review different approaches to setting priorities among agricultural research projects. Many priority-setting case studies address the short- to medium-term and at relatively local scales. We suggest that a mix of actions that span spatial and temporal time scales is needed to be adaptive to a changing climate, address immediate problems and create enabling conditions for enduring change.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Innovation Systems for the Drylands (ISD)
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptation, Mitigation, Climate change, Agriculture Research, Climate Smart Agriculture, CSA, CSA adoption, CSA research, agricultural research investments, climate research investments
Subjects: Others > Climate Adaptation
Others > Climate Mitigation
Others > Agriculture Policy
Others > Climate Risk
Others > Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA)
Others > Agricultural R&D
Others > Agricultural Research
Others > Climate Change
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2018 10:35
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 10:35
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10889
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2018.09.009
Acknowledgement: The authors thank Sravya Mamidanna, E K Patan, Martin Noponen, Mustapha Dalaa, Patrick Adjewodah, Felix Schreyer, Richard Asare, Laurence Jassogne, Mark Lundy, Jan Low, Keith Wiebe and Graham Thiele for inputs to the paper. This work was implemented as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), which is carried out with support from CGIAR Fund Donors and through bilateral funding agreements. For details please visit https://ccafs.cgiar.org/donors. The views expressed in this document cannot be taken to reflect the official opinions of these organizations. PCW and MHe acknowledge support from the Belmont Forum / FACCE-JPI funded DEVIL project (NE/M021327/1) via NSF award no. 1540195. We thank three reviewers for constructive comments on an earlier version of the paper.
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