MGNREGS Implementations and the Dynamics of Rural Labour Markets

Narasimha Reddy, D and Amarender Reddy, A and Bhattarai, M and Nagaraj, N and Bantilan, C (2018) MGNREGS Implementations and the Dynamics of Rural Labour Markets. In: Employment Guarantee Programme and Dynamics of Rural Transformation in India: Challenges and Opportunities. India Studies in Business and Economics (ISBE) . Springer, Singapore, pp. 71-101. ISBN 978-981-10-6262-9

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National economy of India has been growing rapidly in the last two decades; however, growth on employment level has not been commensurate with growth in the national economy. While faster growth of economy is beneficial to various stakeholders, employment growth is more important to reduce poverty in the economy. The experience of welfare programmes in India shows that considerable efforts have been made in terms of effectiveness in their implementations and providing wider coverage to all the needed population. This chapter evaluates differential impact of MGNREGA on the extent of fulfilment of the basic entitlements such as days of employment, wages and earnings and the extent of coverage of social groups like dalits, adivasis and women and vulnerable groups. There is a growing evidence of an increase in agricultural wages across the country over the period between 2006–07 and 2011–12, in which the impact of MGNREGA on the poor community is considerable. This review has also revealed a steep increase in female agriculture wages and a substantive decline in the male–female wage gap over the period. The search for information on the impact of MGNREGA on agricultural labour markets leads to some evidence on labour shortage, changes in wage structures, reduced distress migration, speeding up mechanization process, and peak season adjustment of work or adoption of MGNREGA calendar for its implementation.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : Innovation Systems for the Drylands (ISD)
Series Name: India Studies in Business and Economics (ISBE)
Uncontrolled Keywords: MGNREGA, Employment guarantee, Agricultural wages, Rural labour markets, Wage gaps, Distress migration, Poverty alleviation, Rural livelihoods, Social safety nets, India Poverty reduction through employment generation, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Employment Guarantees Program
Subjects: Others > MGNREGA
Others > Rural Development
Others > Rural Economy
Others > African Agriculture
Others > Indian Agriculture
Others > India
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 04:50
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 08:09
Acknowledgement: This chapter is a study which builds up on previous works of some co-authors, necessary permissions to reproduce parts of which have been received. Details of the papers are mentioned here. ‘Impact of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on Rural Labour Markets’, Working Paper Series No. 58, ICRISAT Research Programme: Markets, Institutions and Policies, published in January 2014 by International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, India; ‘The Impact of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on Rural Labor Markets and Agriculture’ published in 2014 in volume 13, issue 3 of Taylor & Francis journal, India Review; and ‘NREGS and Indian Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges’, Working Paper No. WP 01/2011, published by Institute for Human Development in 2011.
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