Economic analysis of alternative systems for sorghum production in Southern Mali

Badolo, F and Kotu, B and Birhanu, Z B (2017) Economic analysis of alternative systems for sorghum production in Southern Mali. In: InterDrought-V, February 21-25, 2017, Hyderabad, India.

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This article aims to evaluate sorghum grain yields, cash income as well as risk-efficient choice associated with treatments of sorghum under the Africa RISING project in Mali. The analysis used the survey data related to on-farm trials covering the seasons 2014 and 2015. Four treatments have been experimented for sorghum including control treatment, treatment with only manure, treatment with mineral fertilizer, and treatment with manure and mineral fertilizer. Stochastic dominance analysis was used to evaluate the cumulative distributions of grain yields and cash income associated with each treatment. The results showed that the control treatment for sorghum is dominated by the manure and fertilizer treatments. The manure and mineral fertilizer treatment has higher yields and net returns compared to the three other treatments. The control treatment has a 50% chance of generating grain yields up to 850 kg/ha, while the manure treatment, mineral fertilizer treatment, and manure and mineral fertilizer treatment have the same probability of generating respectively 1,050 kg/ha, 1,275 kg/ha, and 1500 kg/ha. The net returns were estimated to US$ 122 for manure and mineral fertilizer treatment, US$ 87 for treatment with only mineral fertilizer, and US$ 84 for treatment with only manure. The cumulative distribution of manure and mineral fertilizer treatment was to the right of the remaining cropping treatments, indicating that manure and mineral fertilizer treatment provides higher returns to smallholder farmers than the alternative treatments for a given risk level. Risk-averse farmers will prefer treatment applying manure and mineral fertilizer if they can afford manure and chemical fertilization.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
Uncontrolled Keywords: Southern Mali, sorghum production, Africa RISING project
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Mali
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2018 08:41
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2018 08:41
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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