Status and Breeding Requirements for Sorghum Utilization in Beverages in Nigeria

Murty, D S and Bello, S A and Nwasike, C C (1997) Status and Breeding Requirements for Sorghum Utilization in Beverages in Nigeria. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Genetic improvement of sorghum and millet.

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Sorghum /Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] grain has traditionally been used in Nigeria for malting and brewing opaque beers such as pito and burukutu on a domestic scale, while the beverage industries depended completely On imported barley malt. Since the imposition of a ban on imported barley and other cereals in 1988, beverage industries have successfully substituted barley malt with sorghum grain as1 malt and adjunct in the production of lager beer and non-alcoholic malt drinks. Industrial use of sorghum as adjunct requires cultivars with uniform grain size and shape (round or oval), hard endosperm, higher extract and soluble proteins, lower polyphenol or tannin and fat contents, and low gelatinization temperatures. Grains required by the malting industry should possessfast water uptake and high germinability, higher malt extract and enzyme (]3-amylasej activities, soft endosperm, low polyphenol/tannin content, and less mold and rootlet activity during germination. Choice of appropriate cultivars, locations, and growing conditions could improve the quality of industrial raw material. Increased collaboration between research and industry is required.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breeding, Sorghum Utilization, Beverages, Nigeria, Sorghum for Malting, Alcoholic beverages, Non-alcoholic beverages
Subjects: Others > Plant Breeding
Others > Nigeria
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 05:34
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 05:50
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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