Genomics, trait mapping and molecular breeding in pigeonpea and chickpea

Saxena, R K and Thudi, M and Varshney, R K (2016) Genomics, trait mapping and molecular breeding in pigeonpea and chickpea. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 76 (4). pp. 504-511. ISSN 0019-5200

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Abstract

Pigeonpea and chickpea are among the most important pulse crops grown in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Australia, Canada and Middle East. The major production of these pulses comes from India, which is also the biggest consumer and importer. However, productivity in these pulse crops is stagnant and unacceptably low for decades, mainly due to their exposure to a number of biotic and abiotic stresses in the marginal environments. Moreover, these pulses were almost untouched from the genomics interventions until early years of twenty first century. However, last ten years have witnessed significant development and deployment of genomics for crop improvement programs. At present, thousands of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, millions of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), several cost effective genotyping platforms, many dense genetic maps, draft genomes and re-sequencing data for several hundred to thousand genomes have been developed. A number of trait associated markers have been developed and are being used in developing improved lines through genomics assisted breeding (GAB).

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genomics, molecular breeding, target traits, chickpea, pigeonpea, genetic resources, genomic resources
Subjects: Others > Plant Breeding
Mandate crops > Chickpea
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Legume Crops
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 08:23
Last Modified: 17 May 2017 10:26
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/9989
Official URL: http://doi.org/10.5958/0975-6906.2016.00068.7
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: Authors are thankful to colleagues and collaborators at ICRISAT and partner institutions for contributing to pigeonpea and chickpea research mentioned in the article. Authors would like to thank Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Biotechnology Industry Partnership Programme (BIPP), Australia-India Strategic Research Fund (AISRF), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Ministry of Science & Technology and Department of Biotechnology (DBT) of Government of India for funding research mentioned in the article. The work reported in this article was undertaken as a part of the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes. ICRISAT is a member of the CGIAR.
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