Priority regions for research on dryland cereals and legumes

Hyman, G and Barona, E and Biradar, C and Guevara, E and Dixon, J and Beebe, S and Castano, S E and Alabi, T and Gumma, M K and Sivasankar, S and Rivera, O and Espinosa, H and Cardona, J (2016) Priority regions for research on dryland cereals and legumes. F1000 Research, 05 (885). 01-18. ISSN 2046-1402

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Abstract

Dryland cereals and legumes are important crops in farming systems across the world. Yet they are frequently neglected among the priorities for international agricultural research and development, often due to lack of information on their magnitude and extent. Given what we know about the global distribution of dryland cereals and legumes, what regions should be high priority for research and development to improve livelihoods and food security? This research evaluated the geographic dimensions of these crops and the farming systems where they are found worldwide. The study employed geographic information science and data to assess the key farming systems and regions for these crops. Dryland cereal and legume crops should be given high priority in 18 farming systems worldwide, where their cultivated area comprises more than 160 million ha. These regions include the dryer areas of South Asia, West and East Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, Central America and other parts of Asia. These regions are prone to drought and heat stress, have limiting soil constraints, make up half of the global population and account for 60 percent of the global poor and malnourished. The dryland cereal and legume crops and farming systems merit more research and development attention to improve productivity and address development problems. This project developed an open access dataset and information resource that provides the basis for future analysis of the geographic dimensions of dryland cereals and legumes.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Dryland Cereals
CRPS: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dryland cereals, Legumes, Farming systems, Agricultural research, Research priority
Subjects: Others > Food legumes
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 17 May 2016 06:53
Last Modified: 17 May 2016 06:53
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/9525
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.8657.1
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: Grant information: This research was commissioned by the CGIAR Research Programs on Grain Legumes (http://grainlegumes.cgiar.org/) and on Dryland Cereals (http://drylandcereals.cgiar.org/). The CGIAR Fund (http://www.cgiar.org/who-we-are/cgiar-fund/) provided financial support for the study to the authors from four Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) centers – CIAT, ICARDA, ICRISAT and IITA. Acknowledgements We thank Liang You of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Nora Castañeda-Álvarez of CIAT and the Crop Wild Relatives project for data on crop distributions and crop biodiversity, respectively, and for advice on the use of this data. We thank the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals and Legumes Agri-Food Systems (DCL), the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) for providing in-kind support to this research.
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