Partnerships for Unlocking Potential in Groundnut Value Chains in Zimbabwe

Homann-Kee Tui, S and Van Rooyen, A F and Dube, T and Kudita, S and Chivenge, P and Kondwakwenda, A and Madzonga, O and Masendeke, D and Savemore, N N and Muhambi, M (2016) Partnerships for Unlocking Potential in Groundnut Value Chains in Zimbabwe. Monograph. ICRISAT.

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RP-Grain Legumes

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The Integrating Crops and Livestock for Improved Food Security and Livelihoods in Zimbabwe project, also known as ZimCLIFS, promotes diversification towards more nutritious food and feed crops, and a marketoriented approach for leveraging local opportunities. At an Innovation Platform workshop in Nkayi District, communities rated groundnuts as potentially the most profitable crop, if markets were developed. This was verified by a subsequent value chain analysis and motivated ICRISAT and the Government of Zimbabwe to venture into a national initiative for revitalizing the groundnut industry in Zimbabwe.


Groundnuts are an important crop in Zimbabwe, grown by a large proportion of smallholder farmers (36%); groundnuts are second after maize in terms of area coverage. Groundnuts can provide an important source of food and nutrition, feed and soil amendment, as well as income. However, despite its importance, groundnut production and productivity has remained low and stagnant at less than 0.5 t/ha, yet yields between 3 and 4 t/ha can be achieved from improved varieties developed by research in the country. Cause for low groundnut production and productivity is the absence of a well-integrated seed system and functional grain value chains: 1. Poor access to quality seed of improved varieties – while released varieties yield more than 80% of the local varieties, varieties with high market demand are not available and farmers are therefore forced to use retained seed of landraces. 2. Poor functioning of grain markets – while the demand for groundnut products is increasing, as consumers seek affordable sources of protein, small- and large-scale industries failing to source groundnuts locally, import groundnuts, notably from Malawi, Zambia and South Africa. In this brief we advocate partnerships among government, agro-businesses and smallholder farmers as an effective way for increasing groundnut production and creating more efficient groundnut value chains in Zimbabwe.

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Groundnut, Value Chains, Zimbabwe, Partnerships, Peanut
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2016 08:13
Last Modified: 22 May 2017 05:59
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