Characterization of ICRISAT-bred Pearl Millet Restorer Parents

Gupta, S K and Rai, K N and Atkari, D G and Ghouse, S K C (2015) Characterization of ICRISAT-bred Pearl Millet Restorer Parents. Technical Report. ICRISAT, Patancheru, Telangana, India.

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RP-Dryland Cereals

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Abstract

Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L) R. Br.], primarily grown for grain production on more than 26 m ha in the arid and semi-arid tropical (SAT) regions of Asia and Africa, is a highly nutritious cereal crop with wide agro- ecological adaptation. India, the largest producer of this crop at the global level, cultivates pearl millet on about >9 million ha contributing to more than 90% area of the crop in the Asian region. It is a highly cross pollinated crop, and single-cross hybrids generally give 20-30% more yield than open pollinated varieties (Rai et al. 2006). With the availability of commercially exploitable cytoplasmic-nuclear male sterility (CMS) systems in pearl millet, the national agricultural research system (NARS) and the private seed sector in India focused their breeding programs on hybrid development. This led to the development and adoption of a diverse range and large number of hybrids (> 80 in 2011) and now occupying > 4.5 m ha area, which is about half the total pearl millet area being cultivated in India (Rai et al. 2006). ICRISAT also aligned its breeding program to developing promising hybrid parental lines in order to support the Asian pearl millet hybrid program...

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Divisions: RP-Dryland Cereals
CRPS: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pearl Millet, Dryland Cereals, Cereals, Genetic Resources, Nutritional Security , Seed Production, ICRISAT
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Millets > Pearl Millet
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2015 08:05
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2015 08:06
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/9133
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