Sorghum Production for Diversified Uses

Srinivasa Rao, P and Reddy, B V S and Nagaraj, N and Upadhyaya, H D (2014) Sorghum Production for Diversified Uses. In: Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Sorghum. Series on Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants . CRC Press (Taylor & Francis), Boca Raton, 01-27. ISBN 9781482210088

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Abstract

Sorghum is a unique crop produced for domestic and export markets with multiple uses as food, feed, fodder, fuel and fi ber grown globally. The sorghum grain is the major ingredient in cattle feed, poultry and swine around the globe. Stover is an important fodder source for both milch and draft animals in mixed crop-livestock systems. Sorghum provides raw material to many industrial uses like potable alcohol, transport grade ethanol malt, beer, liquids, gruels, starch, adhesives, core binders for metal casting, ore refi ning and grits as packaging material. Spatial distribution shows that it is grown on 40.5 M ha in 98 countries of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas. Nigeria, India, the USA, Mexico, Sudan, China and Argentina are the major producers of sorghum. The crop is adapted to a wide range of temperatures, including high elevations in East Africa. In South Asia, where adoption rates are high, the most signifi cant adoption constraints are specifi c varietal traits (e.g., disease resistance, duration, yield, stover quality). In Africa, where adoption rates are lower, the most signifi cant adoption constraints are access to seed and information, bird damage (associated with early-maturing varieties) and poor soil fertility/lack of fertilizer. Recent global trends also show that both grain yield and production increased refl ecting increase in use of improved varieties, increased demand due to population growth and higher world prices for major cereals. The area under sorghum is increasing gradually in West and Central Africa (WCA) while in other regions it’s area is showing a declining trend over last few decades. In general, the grain is grown in more economically advanced countries for feed purpose and in less developed countries for food purpose. According to IFPRI models, the future scenario indicates that demand for cereals is to increase by 40% over 2000 by 2020. It’s demand is sustained in view of climate change, diversifying global food basket in developing nations while its use as non-food in industries drive sorghum demand in developed nations in future.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: RP-Dryland Cereals
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals
Series Name: Series on Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum; Production; Use; Distribution; Cultivation; Constraints, Trade
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2015 05:35
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 06:00
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/9050
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