Genomics-assisted breeding for boosting crop improvement in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)

Pazhamala, L T and Saxena, R K and Singh, V K and Sameer Kumar, C V and Kumar, V and Sinha, P and Patel, K and Obala, J and Kaoneka, S R and Tongoona, P and Shimelis, H A and Ganga Rao, N V P R and Odeny, D A and Rathore, A and Dharmaraj, P S and Yamini, K N and Varshney, R K (2015) Genomics-assisted breeding for boosting crop improvement in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Frontiers in Plant Science, 6 (50). 01-12. ISSN 1664-462X

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Pigeonpea is an important pulse crop grown predominantly in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Although pigeonpea growing area has considerably increased, yield has remained stagnant for the last six decades mainly due to the exposure of the crop to various biotic and abiotic constraints. In addition, low level of genetic variability and limited genomic resources have been serious impediments to pigeonpea crop improvement through modern breeding approaches. In recent years, however, due to the availability of next generation sequencing and high-throughput genotyping technologies, the scenario has changed tremendously. The reduced sequencing costs resulting in the decoding of the pigeonpea genome has led to the development of various genomic resources including molecular markers, transcript sequences and comprehensive genetic maps. Mapping of some important traits including resistance to Fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease, fertility restoration, determinacy with other agronomically important traits have paved the way for applying genomics-assisted breeding (GAB) through marker assisted selection as well as genomic selection (GS). This would accelerate the development and improvement of both varieties and hybrids in pigeonpea. Particularly for hybrid breeding programme, mitochondrial genomes of cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) lines, maintainers and hybrids have been sequenced to identify genes responsible for cytoplasmic male sterility. Furthermore, several diagnostic molecular markers have been developed to assess the purity of commercial hybrids. In summary, pigeonpea has become a genomic resources-rich crop and efforts have already been initiated to integrate these resources in pigeonpea breeding.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pigeonpea, Genetic variability, Genomic resources, Genomics-assisted breeding, Marker Assisted Selection, Genomic Selection
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2015 09:20
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 06:40
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: This article is part of the research topic "Genomics assisted breeding for legume crops"
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