Multi-environment field testing to identify broad, stable resistance to sterility mosaic disease of pigeonpea

Sharma, M and Telangre, R and Ghosh, R and Pande, S (2015) Multi-environment field testing to identify broad, stable resistance to sterility mosaic disease of pigeonpea. Journal of General Plant Pathology, 81 (3). pp. 249-259. ISSN 1345-2630

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Abstract

Sterility mosaic disease (SMD) caused by Pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus and vectored by the eriophyid mite is a serious disease of pigeonpea in almost all pigeonpea-growing areas. Managing the disease with chemicals such as acaricides is very difficult, non-eco-friendly and costly; hence, host plant resistance is the best strategy implemented to manage this disease. In this context, 28 pigeonpea genotypes identified as resistant from preliminary screening of 976 pigeonpea accessions were evaluated in field at eight different agro-ecological locations in India for the stability of their resistance against SMD during 2007/2008 and 2008/2009. Genotype plus genotype × environment (GGE) analysis partitioned main effects into genotype, environments and G × E interactions and showed significant effects (P < 0.001) for SMD percentage incidence. Environment variance had the greatest effect (76.68 %), indicating the maximum variation in the disease due to the environment. At Bangalore, Dholi and Rahuri locations, all genotypes were susceptible to SMD with mean disease incidence of 71.1, 50.4 and 32.6 % respectively. However, most of the genotypes were resistant at four locations, Akola, Badnapur, Patancheru, and Vamban, and moderately resistant at Coimbatore. The GGE biplot analysis explained about 67.26 % of total variation and identified four genotypes (ICPLs 20094, 20106, 20098, 20115) as the most stable and resistant to SMD. Three genotypes (ICPLs 20096, 20107, 20110) showed moderately stable performance against SMD. These genotypes should be included in pigeonpea breeding programs as additional sources of resistance to SMD.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRPS: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cajanus cajan; Pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus; Eriophyid mite; Host plant resistance; GGE biplot
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2015 08:49
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2015 08:49
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/8927
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10327-015-0585-z
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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