Pigeonpea Seed Production System of Smallholder Farmers: An Assessment in Odisha, India

Mula, R P and Mula, M G and Gopalan, R S and Das, S K and Sameer Kumar, C V and Kumar, R V and Saxena, K B (2014) Pigeonpea Seed Production System of Smallholder Farmers: An Assessment in Odisha, India. In: 1st Philippine Pigeonpea Congress, December 16-18, 2014, Mariano Marcos State University, Batac, Ilocos Norte, Philippines.

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Abstract

Smallholder pigeonpea farmers in Odisha always rely on self-saved seeds of preferred landrace with long maturity period of 7 months and exploiting this for a period of 2-4 years or more. These model of seed system continuously resulted in low yield (250-500 kg/ha) due to seed deterioration. Seed production at farmers’ level with the provision of new package of technology such as providing farmers preferred high yielding varieties and hybrids, on the ground training on cultural production and management, and integrated pest and disease management has contributed in increase in productivity (780 kg/ha), improving livelihood, and income of farmers in the project sites (Rayagada, Kalahandi, and Nauparha). Institutionalizing the seed system model through the ‘one village one variety’ concept has brought about the production of 1610 tons of various certified seeds. The assessment also revealed that higher investment in seed production resulted in higher seed yield and income. Likewise, farmers seed growers with medium land classification showed the best B;C ratio with Rs 3.38 per Rs 1 invested. Moreover, it can be deduced from the B:C ratio of all land classification that seed production is economically viable for smallholder farmers to venture in improving their livelihoods. However, there are still limitations that needs to be addressed to ensure the sustainability of the seed delivery system of the project. The most pressing constraint of pigeonpea production is the damage caused by pests and diseases and the lack of farm inputs; trainings/awareness meetings/exposures are required to educate farmers on new pigeonpea technologies; and the need to regulate prices of pigeonpea seeds is a major concern for smallholder farmers to obtain benefit from their pigeonpea cultivation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pigeonpea; Smallholder Farmers; Seed Production; Seed system
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2015 06:51
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 10:46
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/8818
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