Next-generation sequencing for identification of candidate genes for Fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)

Singh, V K and Khan, A W and Saxena, R K and Kumar, V and Kale, S M and Sinha, P and Chitikineni, A and Pazhamala, L T and Garg, V and Sharma, M and Sameer Kumar, C V and Parupalli, S and Vechalapu, S and Patil, S and Muniswamy, S and Ghanta, A and Yamini, K N and Dharmaraj, P S and Varshney, R K (2016) Next-generation sequencing for identification of candidate genes for Fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Plant Biotechnology Journal, 14. pp. 1183-1194. ISSN 1467-7644

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To map resistance genes for Fusarium wilt (FW) and sterility mosaic disease (SMD) in pigeonpea, sequencing-based bulked segregant analysis (Seq-BSA) was used. Resistant (R) and susceptible (S) bulks from the extreme recombinant inbred lines of ICPL 20096 × ICPL 332 were sequenced. Subsequently, SNP index was calculated between R- and S-bulks with the help of draft genome sequence and reference-guided assembly of ICPL 20096 (resistant parent). Seq-BSA has provided seven candidate SNPs for FW and SMD resistance in pigeonpea. In parallel, four additional genotypes were re-sequenced and their combined analysis with R- and S-bulks has provided a total of 8362 nonsynonymous (ns) SNPs. Of 8362 nsSNPs, 60 were found within the 2-Mb flanking regions of seven candidate SNPs identified through Seq-BSA. Haplotype analysis narrowed down to eight nsSNPs in seven genes. These eight nsSNPs were further validated by re-sequencing 11 genotypes that are resistant and susceptible to FW and SMD. This analysis revealed association of four candidate nsSNPs in four genes with FW resistance and four candidate nsSNPs in three genes with SMD resistance. Further, In silico protein analysis and expression profiling identified two most promising candidate genes namely C.cajan_01839 for SMD resistance and C.cajan_03203 for FW resistance. Identified candidate genomic regions/SNPs will be useful for genomics-assisted breeding in pigeonpea.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pigeonpea; Genotypes; Genomewide SNP index analysis; Genotyping; Fusarium wilt, Sterility mosaic disease, Bulked segregant analysis, Whole-genome resequencing, SNP index, Nonsynonymous SNPs
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr B K Murthy
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2015 10:00
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 08:56
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: The work was supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) – India Mission and Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. This work has been undertaken as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes. ICRISAT is a member of CGIAR Consortium.
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