Targeting and introduction of Groundnut improved cultivars in Odisha state of India

Behura, D and Shyam, D M and Kumara Charyulu, D and Bantilan, C (2014) Targeting and introduction of Groundnut improved cultivars in Odisha state of India. In: 8th International Conference, Viability of Small Farmers in Asia, 15-17th October 2014, Savar, Bangladesh.

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Groundnut is the major oilseed crop in India grown in an area of 4.93 m ha during 2010 (FAOSTAT, 2012). It contributes about 30% to the edible oil basket of the country. The South Asia has more than 7 million ha (31% of world total) under groundnut, roughly 83% of this is in India. The country has lost 4.62 m ha of groundnut area to other competing crops like soybean, maize and Bt. cotton during the last decade at an annual rate of 3.48% mainly because of cheaper imports of other edible oils, which depressed groundnut prices. Though productivity of groundnut was increased by 2.14% during the period, production declined at the rate of 1.14% annually.About 85% of the total groundnut area in the country is sown in the rainy season. Being a rainfed crop, the yield variability across both, growing regions and years is high. The instability measure (CV) was higher in the case of productivity than in the case of area in all the sub-periods (Table-1.1)...

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Groundnut, Odisha, Oilseeds, Climatic aberrations, Biotic and abiotic stresses, Cropping pattern
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Ishrath Durafsha
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 08:36
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2015 10:04
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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