Targeting and Diffusion of Chickpea improved cultivars in Karnataka state of India

Kulkarni, G N and Nagaraj, N and Kumara Charyulu, D and Shyam, D M and Vijayakumar, A G (2014) Targeting and Diffusion of Chickpea improved cultivars in Karnataka state of India. In: 8th International Conference, Viability of Small Farmers in Asia, 15-17th October 2014, Savar, Bangladesh.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT users only

Download (285kB) | Request a copy


Chickpea was a major crop during rabi season as it occupied a considerable (over 56 to 60%) proportion of the operational land and predominantly cultivated in black soils in both districts. Average operational farm size per household was 12.98 acres in Dharwad and 12.05 acres in Gulbarga. A comparison between seed beneficiaries and non-seed beneficiaries across districts indicated that area under chickpea among seed beneficiaries (7.73 acres/farm) was marginally more when compared to non-seed beneficiaries (7.23 acres/farm). Most of seed beneficiaries and nonseed beneficiaries in Dharwad (over 84%) and Gulbarga (over 93%) districts had no access to irrigation facility for chickpea crop. Thus, chickpea was largely cultivated under rainfed condition. Seed beneficiary farmers were provided with improved and preferred chickpea cultivars seeds such as JG-11, and BGD-103. All the seed beneficiaries were covered under seed distribution from 2008- 09 to 2011-12. Since, JG-11 was most preferred variety where a majority of seed beneficiary farmers were provided with the seed material during the project period and 12 to 13 % per cent were provided with BGD-103. Quantity of seed material supplied was 20 kg per farmer for each variety. Over the years, number of seed beneficiaries who cultivated JG-11 also increased. Annigeri-1 was the most popularly cultivated chickpea variety by seed beneficiary farmers across districts. The farmers depended prominently for seed material on inherited (32% to 39%) and farmer to farmer seed exchange (30% to 33%) sources. Extent of area allocated by farmers for Annigeri-1 declined and that of JG-11 increased over three years period from 2009-10 to 2011-12. The decrease in Annigeri-1 area was from 952 acres in 2009-10, 486 acres in 2010-11 and 437 acres in 2011-12. Area under BGD-103 increased under favorable production conditions. Area under JG-11 increased in the same period from 314 acres in 2010-11 to 1434 acres 2012-13. Gross returns realized were highest in case of BGD-103(Rs.24882.67/acre) followed by JG-11(Rs. 22642.73/acre) and Annigeri-1(Rs.15524.58/acre). The corresponding net returns for the respective varieties were Rs. 13997.17/acre, Rs.13430.96/acre and Rs. 6268.94/acre, respectively. The benefit cost ratio for Annegiri-1 variety was lowest (1.68) and it was highest at 2.29 for BGD-103 and 2.46 for JG-11. About 55.96% farmers under seed beneficiaries shared seed material of improved cultivars with other fellow farmers in respect of most preferred variety JG-11. There was a tendency of farmers to share seed material (38.72%) within the village and only 17.23% farmers shared with farmers of other villages.Quantity of seeds distributed during project operation period (from 2009- 10 to 2012-13) within the same village was higher than in other villages. Hence, village could taken as the appropriate unit to focus intensive extension activities and for the spread of agricultural technology efficiently.Majority of (79%) farmers were disinterested to share seed with other farmers as they needed more time for validation on the true benefits such technology. Government sources comprising Department of Agriculture, Seeds Corporations constituted as major sources of seed supply at lesser cost to (about 80%) farmers followed by the University. According to farmers rapid diffusion of new cultivars could be hastened through measures like organizing intensively crop demonstrations, awareness campaigns using mass media tools, training programs.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chickpea, Dharwad, Karnataka, Diffusion, Seeds, Rain fed conditions
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Ishrath Durafsha
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 08:35
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2015 10:01
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item